Creating Ease Hypnosis & Coaching


ericksonian ~ neurolinguistics ~ spiritual


healing the planet one heart & mind at a time
#creatingease  #mindsetmatters  #believeinyourself  #attentiontodetail

+1 773-817-6000

What is hypnosis and how does it work?



Hypnosis is a changed state of awareness and increased relaxation that allows for improved focus and concentration. It also is called hypnotherapy. Hypnosis usually is done with the guidance of a health care provider using verbal repetition and mental images.

During hypnosis, most people feel calm and relaxed.




Are You Hypnotizable?



Most people think they aren't. But - in fact 95% of people are hypnotizable. How do you measure up?  

The following quiz is designed for you to gain a better understanding into how you might react in different situations and how those reactions form patterns to determine how you process information.  

Count 1 (one) for each question that reflects a YES answer. When answering, try to be as honest as possible. Try not to go back and change your answers:

  • Are you able to follow simple instructions? 
  •  Have you ever turned your thoughts to ‘other things’ during a dull meeting or lecture?   
  • Can you imagine yourself as one of the characters in your favorite film?  
  • Can you imagine the sound of a train whistle blowing?   
  • Have you ever been traveling in a car, lost in conversation and the travel time appeared to pass rather quickly?   
  • Can you sometimes arise from sleep to get a drink of water and go right back to sleep?   
  • If you walked past a crowd of people, all of whom were looking up at the top of a building, would you also look up?   
  • Have you ever ‘rested your eyes’ in front of a television set because you were too comfortable to get up and go to bed?   
  • Are you able to meditate or pray?   
  • Have you ever been so caught up in reading a good book that you couldn’t put it down?   
  • While listening to a favorite song, can you remember where you were, what you were doing and who you were with when you first heard it?
  • Have you ever cried or been frightened while watching a movie?   
  • Did you ever lose track of time while engrossed in something enjoyable?   
  • Do you begin to yawn after observing another person yawning?   
  • Do you shudder at the thought of someone scratching his/her fingernails down a chalkboard?   
  • Does your mouth water at the thought of sucking on, or biting into a plump, juicy, sour lemon?   
  • Have you ever impulsively purchased a bag of popcorn, cinnamon roll or caramel apple because of the aroma filtering through the air? 
  • When someone talks about feeling warm physically, do you begin to feel warm also?   
  • Do you occasionally ‘tune out’ when someone is talking to you in a monotonous voice?   
  • Can you at times not hear what a person is saying, because you are anxious to impart your side of the conversation?   
  • If someone talks about a fear that you too have experienced, do you have a tendency to have an apprehensive or fearful feeling also? 

If you answered "Yes" to at least 13 questions Congratulations! the probability of you being HYPNOTIZABLE is great!  

Most people are hypnotizable under the right circumstances. Hypnotizability depends on a person’s expectations.
If you think you are hypnotizable, your chances of going into an altered state are greatly improved.  
Other factors that influence the success of hypnosis include:  

Belief: The mind will only accept that which is congruent with your established morals and ethics. The role of the hypnosis facilitator is to encourage you to imagine, picture and visualize the best situation for a successful outcome – creating images that are in your best interest. If you believe in the process of hypnosis, then certainly it is attainable.    

Rapport: The ability to create rapport is a skill that is used to elicit a relationship with another person. Be sure you have established good rapport. If you feel uncomfortable with the hypnosis practitioner you select, some part of your mind may remain on guard, thereby impeding the process.  

Motivation: The most hypnotizable people are those who sincerely want to be hypnotized, expect hypnosis to work, and believe hypnosis can assist them in achieving their goal.    We encourage you to seek the services of a certified hypnosis practitioner who is skilled in the use of various approaches and techniques so that he/she is best prepared to bring about the desired change for a successful outcome.
note: quiz courtesy of IACT


get your FREE eBook : The Secret Advantage of Hypnosis

What happens during hypnosis session? 


During a hypnosis session, you are guided through a process to induce a trance-like state that helps you focus your minds, respond more readily to suggestions, and become deeply relaxed. Hypnotherapy utilizes the heightened awareness of the hypnotic state to help you focus on a problem more deeply.


Session length

An initial assessment and hypnosis session is scheduled for 1.5-2 hours. Follow-up sessions are 50-60 minutes.
How many sessions do I need?

This depends largely on the person and the issue being addressed. A typical hypnosis process consists of an initial session and 3 or 5 follow-up sessions.  Some people keep a regular appointment for ongoing support, and others see me as needed.



What to expect during a hypnosis session

Our session usually begins with a conversation. We discuss your goal or situation, the hypnosis process, and any questions you might have.

When we use hypnosis I help you let go of physical tension and get your mind into a state similar to pre- and post-sleep, daydreaming, or meditation. Hypnosis is most often a state of intensified physical relaxation and mental focus. You remain conscious throughout the session, interacting with me during hypnosis by signaling or speaking.

Hypnosis is not sleep, and you do not lose control or go into a frozen, cataleptic state. Many people experience some dissociation (i.e. “blanking out”) during hypnosis, but this does not hinder the process. In fact, it can enhance the effectiveness of hypnotic suggestions.

When hypnosis is concluded, it is normal to feel so relaxed that you don’t want to move. You can emerge from hypnosis slowly and gently, and you will be able to go about your day normally.



Schedule Appointment

A credit card is required to reserve your appointment time. Your card will not be charged except under these conditions.

We accept cash, check, and all major credit cards. Payment is due at the time of service.
Packages include discounts.  One single session is never enough for transformation.
Request appointment here



Cancellations/Missed Appointments

If you need to cancel or reschedule your appointment, please give at least 48 hours notice. A $78 fee is charged for late cancellations and missed appointments. I understand that there are unexpected situations and waive the fee when there is a pressing reason unless these are recurring cancellations.



Scope of practice

As a hypnotist my role is help you resolve everyday problems using hypnosis. I am not a medical doctor or mental health practitioner. I do not diagnose, prescribe, treat, cure, or heal any physical, mental, or emotional illness. The services I render are not a form of health care, psychotherapy. The physical and mental well-being of each client is my primary consideration. I recommend that you seek medical and/or professional help when appropriate. Hypnosis is not a substitute for medical treatments or medications. I will withhold non-referred hypnotic services if a client’s behavior, appearance or statements would lead a reasonable person to believe that the client should be evaluated by a licensed health care professional, and will provide services to such clients only after evaluation and with the approval of the licensed health care professional. If you need a diagnosis or any other type of treatment from a different practitioner, I will assist in a coordinated transfer of services to another practitioner.



Professional ethics

I do not perform hypnosis for unrealistic goals or inappropriate requests. For example, I will not hypnotize someone for another person to determine whether they are telling the truth, or to exert outside influence on them.

I am a Certified by the American Board of Hypnotherapy, International Certification Board of Clinical Hypnotherapists and by the American Board of Neurolinguistics. If you ever have a complaint about my services or behavior that I cannot resolve for you personally you may contact the board the to seek redress.




Confidentiality and privacy

I maintain the confidentiality of all knowledge and information concerning my clients. I will not tell anyone that you are my client. Only when required by law or when authorized by those responsible for the client’s care I may disclose some information.



 

How do I Request an Appointment?

A payment in advance (cash, credit card or retainer)  is required to reserve your appointment time.  Packages include discounts.  

One single session is never enough for transformation. 
Initial consultation can take from 90 min to 120 min to help you establish goals and to learn about what is available to you.  
After that, a session can last anywhere from 50 min to 75 min depending on where you are with your progress.


Q: How do I book an appointment?
A: Follow the link to receive the privacy policy and to fill out the intake form; make sure to include your email, your name, phone number, and reason for appointment. I look forward to speaking with you!

Q: I am interested in counseling, but find it difficult to make the appointment in the office. Are there other options?
A: Yes. I also offer phone and video counseling sessions, secured via zoom, skype, fcc, etc.

Q: Is the session confidential?
A: Yes. Your confidentiality is protected by law. In order for your well-being to be successful, you need to feel comfortable. Confidentiality policies are detailed below.

Q: What will happen at my first appointment?
A: The first appointment is a time to discuss your needs and concerns, to determine if our relationship is the right fit. You will want to feel as though you can meet your goals with the coach /therapist /doctor you have chosen, and the first appointment is an opportunity to begin to see if you feel you can do that. You will need to fill out an intake form and review the confidentiality policies. The initial appointments can last from 60 to 90 minutes.

Q: Do I have to share everything about myself ?
A: You decide what is shared. Regaining well-being is a process, and revealing aspects about yourself can take time. It is important to develop a trusting relationship with your coach /therapist /doctor so you ultimately feel comfortable sharing as much about yourself as will help your concerns that brought you to your appointment.

Q: Isn't willpower enough for most problems?
A: Resolving issues now has the potential to prevent problems from becoming serious in the future. Seemingly simple solutions, like attempting to just stop doing something or stop thinking a certain way, may not work. Sometimes navigating and dealing with emotions and relationships takes resources or skills that you may not have yet tapped into and therefore, you may have difficulty solving the problem. We are here to help you build those resources and skills.

Q: How do I pay for services?
A: Payments are made by Paypal or major credit cards (Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Discover, etc) when you request your appointment. If you need to cancel you must phone or text us 48 hours in advance of your appointment time in order to receive a refund (refunds take approx 3-10 business days) and to avoid being charged a full session fee.   Packages include discounts.  One single session is never enough for transformation.

Q: Do you take my insurance?
A: Many people would rather not have visits documented on their health records. If you would rather utilize your insurance benefits, you will be able to utilize the invoice provided after your appointment to submit to your insurance. In-network and out-of-network insurance benefits will cover only portions of the cost and vary by insurance plan; not all plans are alike.

Q: Do you prescribe medication?
A: No, we do not. In order to obtain medication, you will need to be evaluated by your medical doctor.

Q: How many sessions do I need?
A: Most often people attend coaching sessions once per week and if necessary, we can schedule you more often than that. Doctor sessions vary depending upon test results the doctor may order; you will be notified by the doctor.

Q: Can I make multiple appointments?
A: Yes. We can schedule appointments for multiple weeks in advance to ensure you have a time slot with which you are comfortable.  

Q: How long is a session?
A: An initial assessment plus a short hypnosis session is scheduled for 1.5-2 hours.   Follow-up sessions are 60-90 minutes.  

 Q: How many sessions do I need?  
A: This depends largely on the person and the issue being addressed. A typical hypnosis process consists of an initial session and 3 or 5 follow-up sessions.  Some people keep a regular appointment for ongoing support, and others see me as needed.  A transformation package consists of 10 sessions.    

 Q: What to expect during a coaching or hypnosis session?  
A: Our session usually begins with a conversation. We discuss your goal or situation, the hypnosis process, homework or tasks assigned to you in prior session, and any questions you might have.  When and if we use hypnosis I help you let go of physical tension and get your mind into a state similar to pre- and post-sleep, daydreaming, or meditation. Hypnosis is most often a state of intensified physical relaxation and mental focus. You remain conscious throughout the session, interacting with me during hypnosis by signaling or speaking.  Hypnosis is not sleep, and you do not lose control or go into a frozen, cataleptic state. Many people experience some dissociation (i.e. “blanking out”) during hypnosis, but this does not hinder the process. In fact, it can enhance the effectiveness of hypnotic suggestions.  When hypnosis is concluded, it is normal to feel so relaxed that you don’t want to move. You can emerge from hypnosis slowly and gently, and you will be able to go about your day normally.  Please allow minimum of 20 minutes before driving a car after a hypnosis session.      


Scope of practice:
 As a coach and hypnotist my role is to help you resolve everyday problems using hypnosis. I respect your model of the world and I do not seek to influence or re-direct your model of the world (political, religious, gender,  economic, etc views), but to provide solutions that best fit your needs. I am not a medical doctor or mental health practitioner. I do not diagnose, prescribe, treat, cure, or heal any physical, mental, or emotional illness. The services I render are not a form of health care or psychotherapy. The physical, emotional and mental well-being of each client is my primary consideration. I recommend that you seek medical and/or professional help when appropriate. Hypnosis is not a substitute for medical treatments or medications. I will withhold non-referred hypnotic services if a client’s behavior, appearance or statements would lead a reasonable person to believe that the client should be evaluated by a licensed health care professional, and will provide services to such clients only after evaluation and with the approval of the licensed health care professional. If you need a diagnosis or any other type of treatment from a different practitioner, I will assist in a coordinated transfer of services to another practitioner.  I do not perform hypnosis for unrealistic goals or inappropriate requests. For example, I will not hypnotize someone for another person to determine whether they are telling the truth, or to exert outside influence on them.      

Professional ethics:
 I am a Certified by the American Board of Hypnotherapy, International Certification Board of Clinical Hypnotherapists and by the American Board of Neurolinguistics. If you ever have a complaint about my services or behavior that I cannot resolve for you personally you may contact the board the to seek redress.      


Confidentiality and privacy:  
Your confidentiality is protected by law. I maintain the confidentiality of all knowledge and information concerning my clients. I will not tell anyone that you are my client. I may disclose information only when required by law or when authorized by those responsible for the client’s care. 

What is  hypnosis used for?

  • pain;
  • depression; 
  • anxiety;
  • phobias; 
  • stress; 
  • chronic conditions;
  • improved attention, performance;
  • study, exams;
  • habit disorders; 
  • smoking;
  • weight loss;
  • gastro-intestinal disorders; 
  • skin conditions; 
  • post-surgical recovery; 
  • relief from nausea and vomiting;
  • childbirth; 
  • treatment of hemophilia 
  • and many other conditions





Ericksonian therapy

Ericksonian therapy is broadly classified as a goal-oriented and problem-solving endeavor grounded in methodology inspired by the teachings and casework of Milton H. Erickson, MD.  

More specifically, Ericksonian therapy is defined as an experiential based approach to problem solving that utilizes existing client attributes, while evoking natural processes of learning and adaptation.  

Meaningful therapeutic change can occur across multiple systems (e.g., cognitive, behavioral, affective, subconscious, autonomic, and social) as symbolic or directly lived experiences are used to destabilize maladaptive patterns and bring forth inherent resources that can be utilized for immediate and future problem solving endeavors.  

Hypnosis and/or hypnotically derived methods are central. Utilizing inherent resources that may be obscure to the client is essential, while an explicit theory of personality and the interpretation of patterns in one’s history are not.


The leading authority on clinical hypnosis was Milton H. Erickson, MD (1901-80), a remarkable man and a highly effective psychotherapist.

As a teenager he was stricken with polio and paralyzed, but he learned to walk again by inducing self-hypnosis.  It was while paralyzed that he had an unusual opportunity to observe people, and he noticed that what people said and what they did were often very different.

He became fascinated by human psychology and devised countless innovative and creative ways to heal people.  

Erickson healed through metaphor, surprise, confusion and humor, as well as hypnosis.

A master of ‘indirect hypnosis’, he was able to put a person into a trance without even mentioning the word hypnosis.    

Erickson’s approach and its derivatives are without question the most effective techniques.  


individual's unique discomfort

Dr Milton Erickson's remarks:
"Mental Health professionals, can be so firmly wedded to specific theoretical explanations for particular diagnostic problems that it becomes difficult for them to examine and treat these problems in an objective manner.

They have a tendency to impose hypothetical constructs instead of exploring the unique sources of discomfort in each individual...  
The hypnotherapist, on the other hand, is interested in the nature and location of each individual's unique discomfort, rather then trying to fit the client into a diagnostic category." Havens and Walters,


hypnosis for managing pain

Hypnosis has gained recognition as being effective for managing pain and for relieving cancer treatment side effects along releasing past trauma and stress-related disorders.  

Hypnosis can help with pain after surgery or from migraines or tension headaches or chronic pain. People with pain related conditions like lower back pain, arthritis, cancer, sickle cell disease, and fibromyalgia, may experience relief.  

Hypnosis can help you cope with difficulties or pain and gain more self-control over your state of being. Studies indicate that hypnosis can do this very effectively for lasting periods of time.

Hypnosis leads you through progressive relaxation, providing soothing imagery and sensations to ease you into accomplishing your goal.


 hypnosis helps with 

Attention & Focus
Anger Management
Body Image
Business Skills & Finance
Childbirth
Confidence
Coping with Loss
Esteem
Exams and Study
Fears & Phobias
Forgetting an ex
Grief, Loss
Habits & Disorders
Health Issues
Learning & Memory
Pain Reduction


Pain Management
Performance
Personal Development
Regression
Past Life Regression
Progression (future)
Reading Faster
Relationships Resources
Self Hypnosis
Smoking Cessation
Skin Problems
Soul Retrieval
Sports Improvement
Stress & Anxiety
Visualizations
Weight Loss / Weight Gain


trauma

Taking medication does not make one’s trauma reactions and pain evaporate. Medications can only help make the symptoms less intense and more manageable.

Hypnotherapy can be a great alternative for those struggling with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as symptoms of other anxiety disorders.  

The focus of hypnosis also often involves teaching people self-hypnosis or providing tape recordings of hypnosis sessions that can be used for self care on a daily basis outside the sessions.  

Hypnotic suggestions may be given for reducing symptoms, beyond the session where people can easily create a state of comfort using a cue (i.e., taking a deep breath and exhaling as eye lids close).    

Research shows that people experience an immediate reduction in pain severity following hypnosis treatment, whereas others can obtain reduction in pain with repeated hypnosis sessions.



for the purpose of healing

From ancient times the Egyptians had the Temple of Sleep, and the Greeks the Healing Altar, places where people were given hypnotic suggestions for the purpose of healing and increased well-being.  


hypnotherapy helps many people

Hypnotherapy helps many people to get rid of stress, anxiety, obesity, headaches and chronic pain, low appetite or uncontrolled appetite, depression, etc.  

Hypnotherapy can also help with addiction, cigarettes, alcohol and other substance and can even help with reducing the pain during childbirth.


hypnosis benefits for the mind: 


Helps improve attention, focus and concentration Helps better manage stress Helps build resilience and flexibility Helps us make better connections with people Helps lower anxiety and sadness Helps with mental energy levels
 

hypnosis benefits for the body:

Helps with pain management Helps with energy levels Helps regulate the autonomic nervous system – responsible for fight/flight instinct Helps create new neural pathways Helps the immune system


self forgiveness

Self Forgiveness – is one of the most powerful and positive modality where the client is able to establish Self-Acceptance and Self-Worth again.  

No one will ever be free without forgiving those who have caused them pain. It doesn’t mean that they have to condone past behavior.

However, they don’t have to stay emotionally connected to past events or people who have hurt them.



age regression - past life regression

Age Regression or Past Life Regression are powerful methods for releasing Root Causes, Neglect, Abuse, Trauma, Deep Emotional Release, etc. and are an excellent method to get to root causes associated with primary family (mostly parents or caregivers).  
It’s especially good for all kinds of abuse and neglect that have created repeating behavior patterns.


detachment

Detachment is another powerful method: is necessary to detach some emotions, thoughts or beliefs, a very helpful gap that enhances the release process.

All of a sudden it’s not your anger, hurt, depression, etc., it’s only an emotion you’re experiencing. In other words, your suppressed emotional charges are not you, they’re only something that’s happening to you, thus this creates a beneficial space between you and the emotion.


accomplishing your goals

Hypnosis works by overcoming critical faculty barrier for the purpose of establishing acceptable selective thinking, leads you through progressive relaxation, providing soothing imagery and sensations to ease you into accomplishing your goal.    

Release Past Trauma
Aid Physical Healing    
Stress /Pain Management  
Sleep Better  
Quit Smoking  
Lose Weight  
Healthy Habits  
Birthing Assist  
Performance Enhancement


support you on your journey

I will support clients on a journey to rediscover their own strength and abilities. This can include excelling in the workplace, becoming happy and fulfilled at home, exploring your potential, managing health conditions and achieving life ambitions.  By harnessing techniques based on core psychological principles and intuition, life coaches empower clients and provide a toolkit of teachings to confidently face difficult challenges and overcome emotional barriers.


respect the client's model of the world and their lifestyle 

It's is very important to note that  we (therapists) must respect the client's model of the world and their lifestyle and we do not seek to re-direct or influence the client's political, religious, economic or organizational orientations.

So it's easy to see how we  can help you both in the personal field and in the professional field, because every field of life requires both subjective and objective relationships in context together with self-awareness!      

Harmony is the secret principle that controls life and without which the whole existence would disintegrate. This is THE EASE I've been talking about: harmony in balance.    These same principles apply to both individual and organizational interpersonal relationships.



 

our passion

We create ease in people’s everyday lives by helping them dismantle thought-patterns that contribute to unhealthy self-sabotaging habits.

We offer a unique blend of NLP with Spirituality to generate a state by using triplicates to become-an-identity with arousal states for conceptual realizations in a quite playful permissive way, to create solid memories, for immediate use in the future, that will benefit both you and your client or people under your leadership.

Our approach is applied positive psychology with a blend of holistic cognitive behavior, focusing on creating a happy stress-free life for clients by enhancing their overall health and well-being and their personal and work relationships.  

While you may think of hypnosis as something you see only in the movies, hypnosis is actually used in real life as part of treatment for people with numerous health ailments ranging from depression & anxiety to gastro-intestinal disorders & chronic pain.  

We are passionate about maximizing the use of Neuroplasticity so we’ve created several innovative mind-body connection techniques that are not available in conventional instructional methodologies.  

These techniques are Designed to solidify your fundamental building blocks of soft skills and increase your capacity to absorb, to gain and retain all the way into the Muscle Memory where the skills can be there possibly forever.  

Enhanced cognitive skills in memory, mental focus and observation, allow you to also acquire new emotional and social skills for creating ease in many different areas of your everyday lives.  

With NLP we will encourage you to transform limiting beliefs and destructive habits. NLP is made out of the best of the best of Psychology science.

NLP techniques are proven to be powerfully effective in changing how you experience the world; since our thoughts and feelings shape your reality, this means that these NLP techniques can actually transform your entire life.  

As energy intuitive we can help you get quickly to the core of your difficulties. We start with light hypnosis to bring about self-awareness and initiate a goal-oriented action plan before going into deeper hypnosis.

Each session is different, depending on your progress.  We have achieved amazing results by helping people deal with their deep seated trauma, lack of confidence, lack of self-worth, feelings of fear, anxiety, sadness, trauma, chronic pain, health concerns, relationship problems, work-related stress or stress in general.  


Are you ready to enjoy a life of EASE?  

All it takes is willingness and we will show you the way…  
+1.773.817.6000

Request an appointment here


What are your credentials?

I am board certified by American Board of Hypnotherapy, International Certification Board of Clinical Hypnotherapists, American Board of NeuroLinguistics.

I am trained with the prestigious Milton H. Erickson Foundation, I am a Contemporary Shaman, a Reiki Master Teacher and I designs Thought-Feeling® practices as Feelfulness® techniques for both therapeutic purpose, peak performance or mastery.  

I coined the term Feelfulness® in 2011.

I am a published author, a Mensa member and a mixed media artist. My motto is “all it takes is willingness.”  

If mindfulness is a state achieved by focusing your awareness on the present moment, calmly accepting your feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations, I teach you how to achieve a higher state of Feelfulness® by choosing the thought-feelings® desired, generating that state and using it both as a therapeutic technique, peak performance or mastery.  

Deliberately practicing chosen thought-feelings® on a regular basis provides a significant tangible shift in your state of being. Because ideas weaved with corresponding feelings become creative actions and tangible results. The subconscious works in and from patterns so be persistent and insistent; repeat your thought-feelings® to imprint on your subconscious to deliver you the results you desire.


I am not here reciting what I've read, instead I'm working with what works wonders, and building on the work of William James, the father of Functional Psychology, Milton Erickson, the father of Ericksonian Hypnotherapy, and Martin Seligman the leading authority of Positive Psychology. 

Milton H. Erickson, MD (1901-80) is the recognized leading authority on clinical hypnosis. Erickson was a remarkable man and a highly effective psychotherapist.

As a teenager he was stricken with polio and paralyzed, but he used self-hypnosis and thaught himself to walk again.  

It was while paralyzed that he had an unusual opportunity to observe people, and he noticed that what people said and what they did were often very different. He became fascinated by human psychology and devised countless innovative and creative ways to heal people.  

Erickson healed through metaphor, surprise, confusion and humor, as well as hypnosis. A master of ‘indirect hypnosis’, he was able to put a person into a trance without even mentioning the word hypnosis.    

It is becoming more and more accepted that an understanding of Hypnosis is essential for the efficient practice of every type of psychotherapy.  Erickson’s approach and its derivatives are without question the most effective techniques.  



William James (1842-1910)  - The Optimal Human Functioning

is the father of Functional Positive Psychology. He focused on:

1. how mental processes work
2. helping organism adapt to their environment
3. the purpose of behavior process
4. introspection & observation
5. evolution


William James was interested in the study of optimal human functioning and considered subjective experience as highly important. He argued that objectivity is based on subjectivity. His interest in optimal human functioning was reflected by the questions he raised in his speech to the American Psychological Association in 1906. 

He believed that to maximize human potential, we must gain insight into both the limits of human energy and the ways to stimulate and optimally use this energy. Some have argued that William James should be considered “America’s first positive psychologist.


Milton H Erickson (1901-1980) - The Healing Power of the Unconscious 

is the father of Eriksonian Hypnotherapy. He focused on:

1. how the unconscious mind works
2. indirect, permissive and interspersal techniques
3. brief therapy, family systems therapy, neuro-linguistic programming
4. the skills of observation, validation, cultivation, and challenge
5. applying tailoring, utilization, strategic, competency, destabilization, experiential, naturalistic methods


Milton Erickson's clinical practice conveyed an extremely advanced and nuanced understanding of the human mind that modern science continues to validate to this day. That is, there are deeply established and largely automatic cognitive, perceptual, and affective processes that are actively occurring within individual’s unconscious minds. 

But far more importantly, he understood the value of intelligently and creatively acting on this knowledge, and as a result pioneered effective novel approaches to activate the healing potential of the continuously intelligent and creative unconscious’ of his patients.

Martin Seligman (1942 -)   Maximize Human Potential

the father of Positive Psychology. He focused on:

1. positive emotion—can only be assessed subjectively
2. engagement—like positive emotion, can only be measured through subjective means. It is presence of a flow state
3. relationships—the presence of friends, family, intimacy, or social connection
4. meaning—belonging to and serving something bigger than one's self
5. achievement—accomplishment that is pursued even when it brings no positive emotion, no meaning, and nothing in the way of positive relationships.


In 1998, Martin Seligman strongly encouraged the field of psychology to widen its scope and move beyond human problems and pathology to human flourishing.  Rather than merely focusing on what is wrong with people and fixing their problems, the focus should also be on what is right with people and boosting their strengths.

Born in 1942, Seligman is credited as the father of Positive Psychology and its efforts to scientifically explore human potential. 

The History of Hypnosis

 The earliest references to hypnosis date back to ancient Egypt and Greece. Indeed, ‘hypnos’ refers to the god pictured and is the Greek word for sleep , although the actual state of Hypnosis is very different from that of sleep. Both cultures had religious centres where people came for help with their problems. Hypnosis was used to induce dreams, which were then analysed to get to the root of the trouble. There are many references to trance and hypnosis in early writings.

In 2600 BC the father of Chinese medicine, Wong Tai, wrote about techniques that involved incantations and passes of the hands. The Hindu Vedas written around 1500 BC mention hypnotic procedures. Trance-like states occur in many shamanistic, druidic, yogic and religious practices.

Hypnotic Pioneers  

The modern father of Hypnosis was an Austrian physician, Franz Mesmer (1734 – 1815), from whose name the word ‘mesmerism’ is derived. Though much maligned by the medical world of his day, Mesmer was nevertheless a brilliant man. He developed the theory of ‘animal magnetism’ – the idea that diseases are the result of blockages in the flow of magnetic forces in the body. He believed he could store his animal magnetism in baths of iron filings and transfer it to patients with rods or by ‘mesmeric passes’.  

The mesmeric pass must surely go down in history as one of the most interesting, and undoubtedly the most long-winded, ways of putting someone into a trance. Mesmer would stand his subjects quite still while he swept his arms across their body, sometimes for hours on end. I suspect that this probably had the effect of boring patients into a trance, but it was certainly quite effective. Mesmer himself was very much a showman, conveying by his manner that something was going to happen to the patient. In itself this form of indirect suggestion was very powerful.

Mesmer was also responsible for the popular image of the hypnotist as a man with magnetic eyes, a cape and goatee beard. His success fuelled jealousy among many of his colleagues and this eventually led to his public humiliation. Looking back, it is quite incredible that hypnosis survived in these early years, because the medical world was so dead set against it.  

Another forward thinker was John Elliotson (1791 – 1868), a professor at London University, who is famous for introducing the stethoscope into England. He also tried to champion the use of mesmerism, but was forced to resign. He continued to give demonstrations of mesmerism in his own home to any interested parties, and this led to a steady increase in literature on the subject.  

The next real pioneer of Hypnosis in Britain appeared in the mid-nineteenth century with James Braid (1795 – 1860). Primarily a Scottish eye doctor, he developed an interest in mesmerism quite by chance. One day, when he was late for an appointment, he found his patient in the waiting room staring into an old lamp, his eyes glazed. Fascinated, Braid gave the patient some commands, telling him to close his eyes and go to sleep. The patient complied and Braid’s interest grew. He discovered that getting a patient to fixate upon something was one of the most important components of putting them into a trance.  The swinging watch, which many people associate with hypnosis, was popular in the early days as an object of fixation. Following his discovery that it was not necessary to go through all the palaver of mesmeric passes, Braid published a book in which he proposed that the phenomenon now be called hypnotism.  

Meanwhile, a British surgeon in India, James Esdaile (1808 – 59), recognised the enormous benefits of hypnotism for pain relief and performed hundreds of major operations using hypnotism as his only anaesthetic. When he returned to England he tried to convince the medical establishment of his findings, but they laughed at him and declared that pain was character-building (although they were biased in favour of the new chemical anaesthetics, which they could control and, of course, charge more money for).

So hypnosis became, and remains to this day, an ‘alternative’ form of medicine.  

The French were also taking an interest in the subject of Hypnosis, and many breakthroughs were made by such men as Ambrose Liébeault (1823 – 1904), J.M. Charcot (1825 – 93) and Charles Richet (1850 – 1935).  

The work of another Frenchman, Emile Coué (1857 – 1926), was very interesting. He moved away from conventional approaches and pioneered the use of auto-suggestion. He is most famous for the phrase, ‘Day by day in every way I am getting better and better.’ His technique was one of affirmation and it has been championed in countless modern books.  

A man of enormous compassion, Coué believed that he did not heal people himself but merely facilitated their own self-healing. He understood the importance of the subject’s participation in hypnosis, and was a forerunner of those modern practitioners who claim, ‘There is no such thing as hypnosis, only self-hypnosis.’

Perhaps his most famous idea was that the imagination is always more powerful than the will. For example, if you ask someone to walk across a plank of wood on the floor, they can usually do it without wobbling. However, if you tell them to close their eyes and imagine the plank is suspended between two buildings hundreds of feet above the ground, they will start to sway.  In a sense Coué also anticipated the placebo effect – treatment of no intrinsic value the power of which lies in suggestion: patients are told that they are being given a drug that will cure them.

Recent research on placebos is quite startling. In some cases statistics indicate that placebos can work better that many of modern medicine’s most popular drugs. It seems that while drugs are not always necessary for recovery from illness belief in recovery is!  

Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) was also interested in hypnosis, initially using it extensively in his work. He eventually abandoned the practice – for several reasons, not least that he wasn’t very good at it! He favoured psychoanalysis, which involves the patient lying on a couch and the analyst doing a lot of listening. He believed that the evolution of the self was a difficult process of working through stages of sexual development, with repressed memories of traumatic incidents the main cause of psychological problems.

This is an interesting idea that has yet to be proved.  Freud’s early rejection of Hypnosis delayed the development of hypnotherapy, turning the focus of psychology away from hypnosis and towards psychoanalysis.

However, things picked up in 1930s in America with the publication of Clark Hull’s book, Hypnosis and Suggestibility.  

In more recent times, the recognized leading authority on clinical hypnosis was Milton H. Erickson, MD (1901-80), a remarkable man and a highly effective psychotherapist. As a teenager he was stricken with polio and paralyzed, but he remobilized himself.

It was while paralyzed that he had an unusual opportunity to observe people, and he noticed that what people said and what they did were often very different. He became fascinated by human psychology and devised countless innovative and creative ways to heal people.

Erickson healed through metaphor, surprise, confusion and humor, as well as hypnosis. A master of ‘indirect hypnosis’, he was able to put a person into a trance without even mentioning the word hypnosis.  

It is becoming more and more accepted that an understanding of Hypnosis is essential for the efficient practice of every type of psychotherapy.

Erickson’s approach and its derivatives are without question the most effective techniques.  


Over the years hypnosis has gained ground and respectability within the medical profession. Although hypnosis and medicine are not the same, they are now acknowledged as being related, and it is only a matter of time before hypnosis becomes a mainstream practice, as acceptable to the general public as a visit to the dentist.  

Extract from THE HYPNOTIC WORLD OF PAUL McKENNA published by Faber & Faber.